A comprehensive listing of the daily atrocities and tragedies suffered by Palestinians and Bedouin under Israeli Occupation. Compiled by ICAHD’s Chairman, Amos Gvirtz, this record of human rights violations is distributed in Hebrew to the Israeli public in order that the Jewish citizens of Israel will never be able to say they didn’t know.
# 45 • Don’t Say We Did Not Know •
11th March 2007
On Wednesday morning, 07/03/07, the representatives of Israel Land Administration (ILA) accompanied by police and tractors, arrived to the village Tawil Abu Jarwal. They pulled out all the residents from their tents and shacks, and demolished the village for the fifth time.
25 families were left homeless.
This time all the debris was loaded on lorries and taken away, including the sheep sheds.
The State has not offered a housing alternative for the inhabitants of Tawil Abu Jarwal, but this does not prevent them from demolishing their homes. Having no other alternative, the villagers have started rebuilding their village again.
# 44 • Don’t Say We Did Not Know •
8th March 2007
Every day Naim goes from his vilage, Urif, to the Huwara checkpoint, to sell bagels.The soldiers order him away from the the checkpoint, so as “not to disturb them”. Sometimes they even throw his merchandise on the ground.
Naim and his family used to own about 370 dunums near Yitzhar settlement. Israel confiscated the land after the family refused to sell it. 624 dunums owned by Palestinians are now taken over by Yitzhar. When Naim tried to approach his land in order to harvest his olives, he was arrested and sentenced to 11 months in prison. Other Palestinian landowners were shot at. Having no other source of livelihood, he sells bagels…
# 43 • Don’t Say We Did Not Know •
5th March 2007
Settlers continue to invade Palestinian-owned shops in Hebron. Most of the media reports dealt with the invasions of shops in the wholesale market; however, just a few metres away, in the vegetable market invasions have been goign on for a long time. After the massacre perpetrated by Baruch Goldstein in the Patriarchs’ Cave, the army closed the market, and prevented any access of Palestinians there. The settlers took advantage of this, broke into the shops from behind and started building flats inside them, even opened a branch of the religious youth movement Bney-Akiva.
Following the shop owners’ complaints, a few policemen and civil administration personnel arrived with search warrants. To the protest of the settlers they found out that the settlers live there illegally.
# 42 • Don’t Say We Did Not Know •
20th February 2007
On the 12th of February, 2007, a settler woman, accompanied by eight children, arrived to the land of the Abu Haykal family in Tel Rumeda.The settler broke through the fence in order to enter. A soldier arrived but did nothing to evacuate them. The police also arrived, but only after 40 minutes. After a long argument the settlers agreed to leave. Then they turned into Wad ElHariya St., which is in the Palestinian controlled area (H1), and where other young settlers were stoning a Palestinian-owned shop. There were soldiers and policemen in the area. The settlers claimed that two Palestinian children stoned them. The Palestinian children were arrested immediately. One of the children with the settler (from the previous event) started to attack a human rights activist that was filming the whole event. A policeman that stood near him did not react. A Palestinian child went nearby, trying to bypass the commotion. One of the settlers’ children pointed at him accusing him of throwing stones. The child was arrested immediately. The human rights activist testifies that the child did not throw stones at all. Not a single settler nor their children were arrested for their actions. The soldiers even forced the shopkeepers to close their shops. After five hours the Palestinian children were released from the arrest.
# 41 • Don’t Say We Did Not Know •
14th February 2007
Mahmud ‘Ali was born in Dir Dibwan, east of Ramallah, seventy years ago. He married in 1957. In the 1960s, before the Occupation, he went to the USA, where he received citizenship. After some time, he brought his wife and children to the USA. In the 1970s, his wife and children returned to their village, Dir Dibwan. Mahmud then used to visit his family once a year for a month or two. Since his retirement he tried to prolong these visits. The Israeli authorities forced him to go to Jordan every three months and return with a new visa. His wife is seventy years old, is ill and needs his help. About a year ago, the Israelis told him he’d have to wait for a year until he’s permitted to return. On January 20, 2007, when he tried to enter the West Bank from Jordan, Israel refused to grant him a visa and his entry was refused.
The village Dir Dibwan is in Area B, which is under Palestinian civil control, but Israel controls entry and exit from it.
# 40 • Don’t Say We Did Not Know •
8th February 2007
The municipality of Jerusalem hasn’t stopped demolishing homes in the Palestinian villages annexed to it after the war of 1967. Since the beginning of this year, the municipality has demolished 9 Palestinian homes. One of the cases that was carried out in bad faith is the case of Hamed El Amas in Sur Baher. The local planning committee had authorised this building, and had recommended to the regional committee that it be granted a licence. The municipality knew that the house had received authorisation by the local committee, but nonetheless sent its men and heavy machinery to demolish the house over a period of two days. It was a four storey building that had been intended to house eight families.
# 39 • Don’t Say We Did Not Know •
31st January 2007
The Al-Nasasra tribe lived on their land before the establishment of the State of Israel. In 1980 the state built the town Kseife near them. They are listed as residents of Kseife, receive municipal services from Kseife and participate in the municipal elections. The town wishes to integrate them and their land as a neighbourhood of Kseife. Now the state wants their land. They have been offered NIS1000 per dunam (=1000 sq.m.) and half a dunam for habitation in the town. They refuse, because they want to live on their land as farmers. Now the Ministry of Interior has pasted demolition warrants on all the 100 houses of the Al-Nasasra.
# 38 • Don’t Say We Did Not Know •
28th January 2007
The Jahalin tribe were expelled in the early 1950s from Israel to the West Bank – then under Jordanian rule – some settled east of Jerusalem. Now the state wants to expel them. Israel intends to build the separation fence so that it surrounds the settlement Ma’ale Adumim and other settlements. In the enclave there will be 30 locations where the Jahalin live, only one of them on the fence route. The rest, some 3000 people will be inside the enclave. They don’t disturb the fence trajectory, none the less, the state intends to evacuate the Jahalin from their homes.
# 37 • Don’t Say We Did Not Know •
18th January 2007
In the early 1980s the inhabitants of Tuba were evicted. Tuba used to be where the settlement Maon Farm is today.
The people of Tuba settled nearby, about 1,5 Km away.They were expelled again in the big expulsion of 1999,
and returned under a supreme court warrant. The inhabitants of Tuba suffer from harrasments of settlers who want their lands. Following settlers attacks they stopped cultivating their lands in Wadi Zeitun that pass near the cattle yard in the settlement Carmel. Passage through Wadi Zeitun is difficult as well (eg going to the town Yatta) as the settlers threaten them with weapons.
# 36 • Don’t Say We Did Not Know •
10th January 2007
On Tuesday, 09/01/07, a police force, accompanied by representatives of the ministry of interior and Israel land administration, arrived to the village Tawil Abu Jarwal, of the Talalqa (near Goral junction in the Negev) and demolished all the houses of the village, 21 houses. About 100 people are left homeless.It’s the fifth time the state demolishes in the village. The country has no housing solution for the tribe but it does not prevent it from demolishing their houses.
# 35 • Don’t Say We Did Not Know •
10th January 2007
The town Beit Umar is situated between Beit Lehem and Hebron. There are 14,500 residents. It used to have 30,250 dunums. (dunum=1000 m^2). Some of it’s lands were stolen for nearby settlements: Kfar Etzion: about 625 dunum, Migdal Oz: almost 2000 dunum, Karmei Tzur: about 500 dunum. More theft is pending: the separation wall will take 6000 dunums from its lands. The bypass road El-’Arub-Beit Umar will take further 1200 dunum.
In an invasion to Beit Umar at the beginning of the intifada 139 houses in the town were damaged, and further property.
Since the occupation the army demolished 18 houses, claiming they were built ilegaly, and further 11 houses were demolished on security grounds.
# 34 • Don’t Say We Did Not Know •
3rd January 2007
The Palestinian inhabitants of the villages that were annexed to Jerusalem don’t get the same municipal services as the Jewish inhabitants. They get priority in demolitions. The municipality makes getting a building permit so difficult, that the mission of building a house with a permit is (almost) impossible. Last year, the municipality and the ministry of interior, demolished some 66 houses of Palestinians in East Jerusalem. Nearly 400 people were made homeless. On Wednesdy, 27/12/06, inspectors of Jerusalem municipality demolished a building of three flats that belongs to Der’i family in Issawiya. In one of them lived seven people and the other ones were to be inhabited soon.Since 2000 the municipality demolished 24 houses in Issawiya. An attempt by the residents to create a construction plan, that will formalize the construction in the village, does not help in stopping the Jerusalem municipality from demolishing their houses.
# 33 • Don’t Say We Did Not Know •
28th December 2006
The settlers of Hebron don’t stop harassing their Palestinian neighbours.
On Sunday, 17/12/06, 40 settlers invaded the olive grove of the Abu Haikals, in Tel Rumeida area, and had a picnic there. They were escorted by 15 soldiers. When several Palesinian children arrived, on their way from school to their homes, the soldiers did not let them pass. Human rights activists called the police which responded that they can pass on their land on their way home, but the policemen that arrived refused to help the children pass. The approach to the DCO did not help either. A human rights activist, a woman aged 75, that demanded the soldiers and the policemen to help the children through, was arrested. In the end the children had to go in another, bypassing road. The settlers left the land of Abu Haikal after three hours. Not even one settler was arrested.
That morning, settlers threw stones at a Palestinian teacher on her way to school a
nd injured her. Some settlers threw stones, apples and eggs on Palestinian children on their way to school.
# 32 • Don’t Say We Did Not Know •
19th December 2006
Wahib Muslah was renovating an ancient building in the village Kafr A-Dik. On Thursday, 15/12/06, 11:00 in the morning, some IDF soldiers entered the building and fired a few shots. Then they told the renovators that they were looking for some kids that threw stones at them. Then Wahib came out of the room in which he worked, on the second floor.
As he was standing at the top of the staircase the soldiers shot and killed him. No threat whatsoever was made towards the soldiers.
Wahib Muslah left a pregnant wife and four children, the youngest being six months old.
# 31 • Don’t Say We Did Not Know •
11th December 2006
The village Sara is situated west of Nablus, it has 3,000 inhabitants. The school has about 400 pupils. Most of the population makes a living from agriculture.
Between 21 and 28 of November 2006 soldiers have entered the school vicinity. When the pupils went out from the school the soldiers used to throw shock and trear gas granades, and fired rubber-coated bullets. The inhabitants reported four attacks of pupils in these dates. The villagers approached the International Solidarity Movement (ISM). They arrived to the village on the 28th. As the soldiers arrived with their vehicle the ISM volunteers came near them. The soldiers retreated, with some of the ISM volunteers running after them. Then the soldiers got back again, and backed off when they saw the volunteers, and threw one gas granade.
Since the arrival of the ISM volunteers the attacks on the pupils stopped.
Last month there were several nightly visits by the army that included some breaks into houses.
# 30 • Don’t Say We Did Not Know •
7th December 2006
The Talalqa tribe were evacuated from their land (near Goral junction, north of Be’er Sheva) in 1952 and were moved north of Hura in the Negev.
They were promised that they will be able to get back after half a year. In 1959 they moved to Laqiya area. In 1978 they started purchasing land there. About 4 years ago the Bedouin land owners – the owners of the land they inhabited – started demanding from them to evacuate their land. All appeals to the government for an alternative solution were not answered. Having no other option, they returned to their land from which they were evacuated by the government in 1952, and established their village Tweil Abu Jarwal. On Wednesday, 6 December 2006, police forces arrived and demolished 17 shacks and 3 constructions for livestock.
More than 70 people are left homeless. It is the forth time that there are demolitions in the village. The state has no practical solution to offer, but it demolishes the houses of the tribe.
The Talalqas demand recognition in the ownership of their land.
# 29 • Don’t Say We Did Not Know •
28th November 2006
The illegal outpost Migron is situated east of Ramalla, about 2,5 km from the settlement Kochav Ya’akov. It was established in May 2001 on private land owned by Palestinians from Burka and Dir Dibwan.Today there are 250 settlers in the outpost, living in 60 caravans and two buildings.
The state declared the outpost illegal. Warrants were issued against the construction of all the buildings and demolition warrants for some.However, according to the Sasson report, the ministry for construction and housing spent NIS 4,325,000 in infastructure and public buildings in Migron. The Israeli electric Company connected it to power supply, and Mekorot, the National Water Company, to running water. Access road was paved. All the approaches of the landowners and “Shalom Achshav” (Peace Now) movement to the authorities did not help in evacuating the settlers. A supreme court petition is pending.
# 28 • Don’t Say We Did Not Know •
23rd November 2006
The cave dwellers of south Hebron area have been suffering for years from harassments. The IDF expelled some of them in 1999 and 2001, the supreme court let them return with intrim warrants. They suffer from harassments of settlers who want to expel them from their lands & villages. The children of Tuba and Mughar ElAbid suffer from attacks by settlers from Maon farm, on their way to school in Twane. The attacks are such that the children have to be escorted by the army.
On Sunday, 19/11/06, the escort did not arrive on time. The settlers attacked the children, and then went to Tuba, where they destroyed and hurt the livestock, property and water tanks. Several inhabitants fled the village. After about an hour when the police arrived the settlers fled the village. The police was presented with pictures, taken by international human rights activists. To this day no one of them was arrested.
While preparing to write about Tuba, I heard that the army arrived in Funduk at 0600 of the 22/11/06. Funduk is situated east of Qalqilia. The army started destroying houses. The destroyed a house of a family of seven, a house in construction and a construction for livestock. They continued in nearby Hajja,
where they destroyed two houses and a construction for livestock. While demolishing the last house in Hajja the army attacked the residents and their supporters. Among the attacked there are journalists and human rights activists. 10 of the attacked were wounded. In the recent months the army destroyed 9 houses on Funduk, and there are more 15 demolition warrants pending.
# 27 • Don’t Say We Did Not Know •
21st November 2006
The village Marda is situated near the settlement Ariel. IDF patrols arrive in the village often, at night or in the evening, while throwing shock granades and ordering shopkeepers to close their shops, and then leave. Sometimes a building is evacuated and searched, sometimes someone’s arrested. On the 7 November 2006 at 3 AM the soldiers arrived into one of the village’s houses. They threw shock granades and damaged the front door, broke a window, and then demanded the residents to leave. There was a woman with a one year old baby and a child aged three years. Her husband spent the night in a nearby village due to the olive harvest. The soldiers made the mother and children sit on the ground and pointed their guns at the children’s heads, and did not let their grandmother to take them away. Then they led them to another house, 50 metres away (the residents of that house aren’t related to the mother and children). There they were made to sit on the ground again, while that house was surrounded by soldiers making an arrest. At the same time relatives told the husband what has been happening. He arrived immediately but the soldiers did not let him enter the village.
At around 5 AM the soldiers left.